Sunday, March 30, 2014

Census Sunday ~ Limerick Civil Survey 1655 and the Fante family

In the Civil Survey of Limerick in 1655, Patrick Fante of Galbally was one of the Jurors charged to "return a survey of the Barony" of Costlea. The parishes thus surveyed were Galbally, Ballingarry and Larhagly, Doone and Long, Atheneasy, Kilbridy Major and other small places.

This was a record of land ownership so that the English government could carry out their policy of land distributorship.

Itemized in this area was John Burgat of Fantstowne, an Irish Proprietor. John Burgat also held land in the"Towne and Liberties of Kilmallock", specifically the Parish of St.s Peter & Paul, as did Nicholas Fante.

Also itemized under "Denomination of  Lands and thire metes and Bounds" are family names Nicholas Fante in Kilmallock, and Ellen Burgatt, Daughter in law of  Genettta Fant Burgat and Ellen FitzGibbon, widow Genetta's daughter in Coshlea.

Ellen Fitzgibbon, daughter of Genetta Fant Burgat was married to Maurice "Oge" FitzGibbon, the "White Knight" son of Maurice Fitzgibbon and Sheela Burke. His widow, she was to be transported to Connaught in 1661 but apparently never was.

In 1666, also, Fantstowne was confirmed to H. Posonby and Lord Colloony in the Acts of Settlement after having been held by J. and Ellen Burgatt in 1657.

Sunday, February 9, 2014

Church Records and Census Sunday ~ The Faunts of Louth and Kildare

I happened upon a  military census today while doing my habitual searching for Faunts. William Faunt of Louth served in the10th Foot and was stationed in Chelsea in 1811. He was 5'9" (he grew an inch after enlistment) and had fair skin, grey eyes,brown hair and a long visage. I know there are Flaxgrowers in Louth in a census and I thought to figure out the family.

In  or around January 1384 one of the Walter L'enfants dies leaving a widow Elena and son and heir Thomas. This Walter held lands in Kildare and Louth and held in chief in Ardee. Thomas was surely young as we then find him claiming the manor of Ardee in September 1403 which he  and his heirs would hold of the King. In 1406 he pays to have any fines removed from his lands in Kilkenny.

In 1394 Nicholas Faunt is mayor of Drogheda and a William Faunt is Vicar of Drogheda in the late 1370s. We can assume that Thomas son of Walter had cousins and uncles, although they were not the lords of Ardee. The book Crisis and Survival in Late Medieval Ireland: The English of Louth and their Neighbors, 1330-1450  indicates the Faunts were the Lords of Ardee until after 1430.

This line of the Lords of Ardee died out sometime after this but the descendants of some of these people lived on through the 19th century apparently as we can see here with William  the soldier. Living there also were James of Tallenstown and Thomas of Phillipstown and Patt and others like James in Edmonstown as the late 18th century.

We know that at least two lines go extinct for titles of persons descending from one or another Walter L'enfant. The Peerage held by Walter the Justice becomes extinct by 1374, as does the Lordship of Ardee after 1450.The lineage of this family, carries on in their descendants although without the lands and titles.

The Y DNA lines have proven this as a fact and we continue to gather records and tell their story. There are few now who live in Ireland but they left their imprint on the land for these 700+ years since they came to it.

                                                      Medieval Gate- Drogheda Louth

Wednesday, January 29, 2014

Wordless Wednesday - Gulielmus ( William ) Maher ~ Requiescat in pace my cousins

Gulielmus ( William Maher ) born  on  7 May 1858  in Wolverhampton, Stafford, England  to Jeremiah Maher  and Margaritae( Margaret ) Fant and died in Bolton  December 5, 1932.

Cousins of mine who went from Tipperary, to Staffordshire, to Cork and some then died in Liverpool. William ( baptized Gulielmus)  dies in Bolton Manchester, interestingly his parents married Church of Ireland but the children were raised Catholic.

Friday, January 24, 2014

Friday Faces From the Past - Mercenaries and Made Men

                                                    Shrewsbury, Shropshire ~ and Sicily?

Shrewsbury is within  the winding course of the Severn, which is crossed by two bridges, called English and Welsh bridges.From Debrett's Peerage, we find  that in  1222 Robert I' Enfant was Provost of Shrewsbury.

Also in Shropshire we find  William L'enfant  as Bailiff of Munslow under William Bagod's Shrievalty  (sort of sheriff) but this is later in that century.William  is son of John, who was also may also be father to Walter and Adam, knights in Kildare.

What we see here on the Welsh Marches and the wilds of Ireland is a family who were, perhaps, landless in  the Midi Pyrenees region of their probable origin. Did they come into the British Isles with the Conquerer or was it actually the rulers of Aquitaine,Gascony a c. Warfare and specifically siege warfare was very sophisticated in the Midi and these fighting men sold their swords and indeed became made men.

A book entitled  "Mercenaries and Paid Men" discusses Robert L'Enfant as Justiciar of Sicily about 1272.
So were they "paid men" or  " made men" and where was their allegiance prior to this time?

Monday, January 20, 2014

Mystery Monday ~ Sardinian DNA matches

So if, indeed, we do find in a week or so that we match 40% of Sardinian-Americans or current Sardinians what will that mean? Surely it will matter as to how close they are to us ancestrally and how long their family lived there. Could there have been men going to and fro from Sardinia in the period of the Norman Conquest?  Even taking it one step beyond, could our men/man have been recruited from Sardinia to work for the Norman Kings?

One of the daughters of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine married the King of Sicily. Wasn't there a 
L'enfant who was an official in Sicily?  Wondering. How would someone like Georami Pigna, if he was I2a1a connect to us..Food for thought..

Sunday, January 19, 2014

Sunday ~ Sardinian DNA and the Fant Family

So, I just ordered PF4088 for one of us as we have tested F1295 negative. This means we are downstream from some others.I am trying to get my head around exactly what that means. It looks very possible that our Fant/Faunt/Font family could be downstream enough to just match  the 40% of Sardinian males who are currently living there. Wouldn't that be interesting!

In just the last year or two, Neolithic burials have been found linking our haplogroup to farmers in the  Cave of Treilles in Aveyron in Southern France.  The Treilles culture of c 3000 BC is the very last phase of the Neolithic in the region before the arrival of copper-workers and the Bell Beaker culture.

This book, Ancestral Journeys, The Peopling of Europe, was published in the fall  with a website that is constantly updated. The  author Jean Manco did a very fine job. Read down to find our P -37.2.

Also released very late in the year were the first Mesolithic Y male haplotypes which are predominantly I2 and I2* which may take our lineage back much further. Also included in  the Ancestral Journeys website as an addition.

This information from Bernie Cullen, one of our advisors from the I-L160 group : "We have had several sets of Geno 2.0 results recently, and I need to add more branches to that tree. Here is my plan for sorting out your big I-L160 group over the next year:
...try to look for people who are L160+ but F1295- and PF4088- (none are known so far). Start by testing PF4088 because by now it's clear that it is the much bigger group...eventually we will have a big batch of people who are PF4088+ but negative for CTS11338, Z105 and Z120. We will try to sort out this group with Big Y and followup testing."

As I read and reread this information I think I am understanding that these groupings are pretty distant.. way more than the 950  years that it is even possible the Fants were in the British Isles.. more than 3000 we will NOT differentiate between lines of the family with these known SNPS. Possibly  after February when the first BIG Y gets shaken out we can move a bit more.

So grateful to all these people for their expertise as we take this journey.